IMPORTANT NOTE: This information provides a snapshot of the European situation in September 2023. Please note that for more specific and up-to-date information on a single country, it is advisable to contact the local organisations.
This article is a summary summary of the Italian situation, valid above all for abroad. We urge residents of Italy to obtain more specific information by following our website.
In Italy since 2017 there have been 10 mandatory vaccines for children aged 0 to 16:
- Hepatitis B
- Whooping cough;
- Haemophilus influenzae b;
- Chickenpox (for newborns only 2017).
Failure to vaccinate involves a fine ranging from 100 to 500 euros, but the most serious issue is the impossibility of having your children attend nursery schools and nursery schools. In fact, the vaccination obligation falls only on this age group.
The tetanus vaccine obligation also applies to 22 working professions, with a booster every 10 years. This obligation can be waived if the worker demonstrates that he has adequate antibody coverage. As in other European countries, single tetanus is increasingly less available, so this obligation often translates into a DTPa vaccination.
The same 1963 law also obliges all competitive sportspeople federated in a specific federation (CONI) to be vaccinated against tetanus and therefore for many competitive sports activities, tetanus vaccination is mandatory with a booster every 10 years.
In the healthcare sector there is also mandatory vaccination against hepatitis B and is regulated by a law that does not specifically mention this vaccine, but rather concerns biological risk in the workplace. In some particular departments, without even a specific law, we have seen healthcare personnel fired who did not want to undergo the MMR vaccination. The situation is complicated, there is enormous pressure on healthcare personnel and not all healthcare professions are obliged in the same way so, given the complexity of the situation, we advise those who have to move to Italy to contact any local association to obtain more information.
The vaccination requirement does not allow children to attend nursery schools and nursery schools; However, attendance for higher education degrees cannot be prevented.
Parental education, Homeschooling, is possible in Italy and is also widely used.
For more information visit the websiteHSLDA.
Recognition and compensation for vaccine injuries
Compensation for vaccine damage occurs through Law 210/1992, but practice over time has led to it being disapplied. In fact, in Italy it is practically impossible to recognize vaccine damage.
If you find any inaccuracies and want to help us update the following sheet, write to us at
We want to thank you EFVV for providing us with the first information on the European situation.