IMPORTANT NOTE: This information provides a snapshot of the European situation in September 2023. Please note that for more specific and up-to-date information on a single country, it is advisable to contact the local organisations.
In Spain there are no mandatory vaccines, but the pressure from the health authorities is very high. Adherence to vaccination policies for children is about 95% and 40% among adults and the elderly. Only 12% of healthcare workers are vaccinated.
Unvaccinated children in Spain are admitted to any kindergarten (nursery and kindergarten). Occasionally some private schools may not admit unvaccinated children.
Homeschooling is regulated by local government in some areas, but not in all areas of Spain. Article 4 of the Spanish Organic Law on Education establishes that the basic educational process includes ten years of schooling and that it must be undertaken between 6 and 16 years of age. It does not clearly say whether education must take place in a school setting or whether home schooling is also permitted.
Article 27 of the Spanish Constitution on the right to education states: "Every individual has the right to education. Freedom of teaching is recognized and education will aim at the full development of the human personality in compliance with the democratic principles of coexistence and fundamental rights and freedoms".
There are no other nationwide regulations regarding homeschooling, and both supporters and detractors on both sides of the issue often feel unsure of their legal position.
Many families can and do choose to homeschool in Spain. To do this without breaking Spanish law or incurring fines from the local education authorities, you must contact your local education authority and submit a homeschool declaration.
For more information visit the websiteHSLDA.
For more information visit the websiteEcdc.
Recognition and compensation for vaccine injuries
Pharmacovigilance services in Spain were created in 1980 and collect about 1% of adverse effects of drugs, but the collection of adverse effects of vaccines is less than 1%. Health authorities and pharmaceutical companies do not recognize the adverse effects of vaccines and there is no compensation program. Only about 0,1% of adverse events go to court and are acknowledged.
Since 2008, pharmaceutical companies have begun to provide more information on the contraindications and side effects of vaccines and their composition. Unfortunately most people are unaware of this.
Local organizations pro-freedom of choice in the therapeutic field
If you find any inaccuracies and want to help us update the following sheet, write to us at
We want to thank you EFVV for providing us with the first information on the European situation.